In the mid 19th century there were still dozens of indigenous tribes fighting to retain their homelands and way of life in the far west. The different tribal nations each confronted the influx of emigrant whites in their own way. The plains tribes were more likely to engage in warfare, taking up arms against the U.S. Army but also against emigrants themselves.
The Puebloan Nations of this period – primarily along the Rio Grande from Mexico to Colorado — were some of the oldest tribes to make homes in the west. Further east, tribes on the great plains were primarily nomadic, following buffalo herds. In the mid 16th century Spanish colonists were the first Europeans to encounter any of these tribes. The most significant interaction between the indigenous and colonizers was the introduction of the horse. Within a short time the plains tribes way of life and hunting had been revolutionized.
The Pueblos which are relevant to Little Birds are