Department Stores

Department stores were unknown before the mid 19th century. From Creating Digital History at NYU:[1. The Late 19th Century (1850-1899) Research Team: Stephanie Mach, Ashley Sena-Levine, Jacqueline Colognesi]

In 1846, Irish-American entrepreneur Alexander Turney Stewart built the first large dry goods retail store – the famous Marble Dry Goods Palace – on Broadway, between Chambers and Reade Streets.

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Marketing

June 1879
The New York Times
“Features of the Markets”

Prices noted at the Washington Market:


productpriceunit
 pineapples 10¢-25¢ each
 apples 30¢-50¢ 1/2 peck
 cherries  15¢-25¢ lb
 bananas 25¢-50¢ dozens
 cucumbers 50¢ dozen
 asparagus 20¢bundle
 Leghorn eggs 35¢dozen
 young ducks 35¢lb
 spring lamb 20¢-25¢lb
  hot house grapes $1.50-$2lb
 hot house peaches 30¢-40¢ each

Women’s Fashion

Fashion in 1883 was dependent (as is always the case) on geographic location, economic status, ethnicity, religion and a range of other factors. Most of the available images (photographs and paintings) represent wealthy or well-to-do women who could pay for (and pay attention to) fashion. … Read more.

Tyson’s Market

In 1883 Tyson’s Market was located at the corner of Fifth Avenue and 44th Street. The story of how Mr. Tyson fought the rich and powerful to hold onto his butcher shop/tavern/corner store (found here at the Daytonian in Manhattan) gives you a good sense of how quickly things changed on Fifth Avenue.
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Sanitation

In New York City

The government of the city knew about the connection between poor health and poverty, and they knew too that the biggest part of the problem was the unsanitary conditions in tenement districts where almost all newly arrived immigrants found themselves. … Read more.

Madison Square

Madison Square and Madison Square Garden are, as is clear from this map, two different destinations. Madison Square was commercial, and home to many of the city’s most exclusive stores.   From Wikipedia:

On May 10, 1847 Madison Square Park opened to the public.

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