Paradise Sun. 19 July 1830




Special Edition

Monday,  July 19, 1830




Doctor Hannah Savard reminds the residents of Paradise that all  drinking water and water used in preparing food must be boiled.Read more.

Henry Savard***

Readers first meet Henry Savard as a young boy, at his home in New Orleans where his father, Dr. , founded a . His mother is Julia Valentine Livingston Savard, originally of a Quaker family in Manhattan. Her first marriage ended when her husband died in a shipwreck; her second marriage to Paul Savard came about when they met at her father’s where he was an attending physician.

Dispensaire de Bienfaisance

A free clinic on the rue Dauphine in , also the residence of its owner, Dr. .

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Nineteenth century disease

From Wikipedia:

Epidemics of the 19th century were faced without the medical advances that made 20th-century epidemics much rarer and less lethal. Micro-organisms (viruses and bacteria) had been discovered in the 18th century, but it was not until the late 19th century that the experiments of Lazzaro Spallanzani and Louis Pasteur disproved spontaneous generation conclusively, allowing germ theory and Robert Koch’s discovery of micro-organisms as the cause of disease transmission.… Read more.


In the 19th century the most important advance in medical science was called (at the time) Listerism.  Simply put, Joseph Lister, working with  Louis Pasteur’s advances in microbiology and the discovery that bacteria cause putrefaction and infection, came to a conclusion:  In a medical setting the first line of defense is to keep the patient isolated from all such bacterial agents.… Read more.

Health Care and Drugs

It’s often distressing to read 19th century advertisements.  Our great-great grandparents  were just as desperate (and gullible) when it comes to certain aspects of the human condition. Hair loss, for example.

Medications in general use in the 19th century include

  • Anesthetics – such as ether.
Read more.

Livingston Family***

One member of the historical Livingston family – politically and socially quite powerful in the early 19th century in New York City – plays a minor role in the Wilderness series. Edward Livingston, a lawyer originally of New York City, and his wife, , originally of the Sugar Islands appear in Queen of Swords as prominent residents of New Orleans.… Read more.

Hannah Bonner***


Other namesHannah Bonner, aka Hannah Scott, or Walks-Ahead by the , her mother’s people, or Walking-Woman by the Seneca, her first husband’s.  Further known as Hannah Savard after she marries a second time. As a child her Kanien’kéha  girl name was Squirrel.
Read more.

Illnesses in the 19th century

Specific illnesses that are relevant to the plot in one novel or the other include

current day designation

19th century terms


bronchitiscatarrh, croupinflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes
carbuncleboils, furuncleabscess of the skin
cholerasummer complaintacute, infectious disease characterized by cramps, watery diarrhea, and vomiting
diphtheriasour throat, putrid sore throatcontagious upper respiratory tract illness characterized by a sore throat and low fever; often fatal in children
dysenterybloody fluxinflammation of the intestines caused by a chemical irritant, bacteria, or parasites
edema, ascitiesdropsyfluid buildup in the abdomen
encephalitis, meningitisbrain fever
epilepsyfalling sicknessa central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures
gangrenemortificationbacterial infection of tissues
malariaague, remittent fever, intermittent feverAn infectious disease characterized by cycles of chills, fever, and sweating


whooping coughhighly contagious respiratory disease

known for uncontrollable, violent coughing

pneumonialung feveran infection of the lungs
puerperal feverchildbed feverinfection, usually streptococcal, in the birth canal often fatal
smallpoxpoxa contagious, disfiguring and often deadly disease, viral
strep infectionsputrid sore throat, quinsy, rheumatic fever, scarlatina, mortification,
syphilisFrench disease, poxsexually transmitted
tetanuslockjawinfectious disease of the central nervous system
tuberculosisconsumption, phthisis
typhoid fevertyphoidcontagious disease of
typhuscamp fever, bilious fever
yellow feveryellow jackviral hemorrhagic disease.
Read more.